What is a team role?

Belbin's Team role theory

contributing to the team

Dr. Meredith Belbin describes nine main types which exist in every successful team, as well as conflicts and use of cooperation among these different team roles.
A single person usually prefers two or three roles.

Team role typical characteristics strenghts acceptable weaknesses
Perfectionist
Completer / Finisher
thorough, tidy, conscientious, afraid ability to finish something, perfectionism tendency so care too much about small things
Implementor conservative, conscientious, predictable hard worker, implements ideas, self-disciplined somewhat inflexible, refusal of unproven ideas
Monitor Evaluator sensible, strategic, clever ability to judge, discrection, austerity lack of drive and the ability to inspire others
Specialist proud about talents and knowledge, often an expert in his special area support professionality, support and defend their area of expertise little interest in the other
Co-ordinator self-assured, trusting quickly discovers the indiviual talents of the group's members, knows how to use strengths, strong sense of goals not extremely creative
Teamworker umgänglich, sanft, empfindsam Fähigkeit mit unterschiedlichen Situationen und Menschen fertig zu werden, fördert Teamgeist not able to decide in critical situations
Resource Investigator extrovert, excited, communicative establishes intern and extern contacts, uses new ideas, reacts to challenges loses interest when beginning's first excitement is over
Macher
Shaper
dynamical, open, very tensed drive, fights lethargy and inefficieny, self-satisfied, applies pressure likely to provoke and irritate, thoughtlessness
Plant, Inventor individualistic, unorthodox, serious genius, imaginative, high intellectual capacity thoughts are noth where they need to be, tends to ignore practical details and tips

We maily use Belbin's team role theory in team development, but also for manager development.

In addition to the presentation of the nine team roles (strengths, acceptable weaknesses, conflict potential), the team roles are determined by a short questionnaire. Next is usually group work or an open talk about the strengths, possible weaknesses and conflicts of your team.
In the following outdoor exercises, the participants get the chance to put the team role theory into practice.

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