What is a team role?
Belbin's Team role theory
contributing to the team
Dr. Meredith Belbin describes nine main types
which exist in every successful team, as well as conflicts and use of
cooperation among these different team roles.
A single person usually prefers two or three roles.
|Team role||typical characteristics||strenghts||acceptable weaknesses|
Completer / Finisher
|thorough, tidy, conscientious, afraid||ability to finish something, perfectionism||tendency so care too much about small things|
|Implementor||conservative, conscientious, predictable||hard worker, implements ideas, self-disciplined||somewhat inflexible, refusal of unproven ideas|
|Monitor Evaluator||sensible, strategic, clever||ability to judge, discrection, austerity||lack of drive and the ability to inspire others|
|Specialist||proud about talents and knowledge, often an expert in his special area||support professionality, support and defend their area of expertise||little interest in the other|
|Co-ordinator||self-assured, trusting||quickly discovers the indiviual talents of the group's members, knows how to use strengths, strong sense of goals||not extremely creative|
|Teamworker||umgänglich, sanft, empfindsam||Fähigkeit mit unterschiedlichen Situationen und Menschen fertig zu werden, fördert Teamgeist||not able to decide in critical situations|
|Resource Investigator||extrovert, excited, communicative||establishes intern and extern contacts, uses new ideas, reacts to challenges||loses interest when beginning's first excitement is over|
|dynamical, open, very tensed||drive, fights lethargy and inefficieny, self-satisfied, applies pressure||likely to provoke and irritate, thoughtlessness|
|Plant, Inventor||individualistic, unorthodox, serious||genius, imaginative, high intellectual capacity||thoughts are noth where they need to be, tends to ignore practical details and tips|
We maily use Belbin's team role theory in team development, but also for manager development.
In addition to the presentation of the nine
team roles (strengths, acceptable weaknesses, conflict potential), the team
roles are determined by a short questionnaire. Next is usually group work or an
open talk about the strengths, possible weaknesses and conflicts of your team.
In the following outdoor exercises, the participants get the chance to put the team role theory into practice.